A heavy drinker might abruptly stop drinking alcohol to completely avert or because of some illnesses. Whatever the reasons of the person are for stopping, there is an effect awaiting – alcohol withdrawal. This bodily phenomenon happens upon a person’s sudden stoppage of alcohol intake after prolonged and heavy use of alcohol. This is an effect from over-stimulating the brain with depressant caused by alcohol. With prolonged use, especially heavy intakes, the brain does some adjustments to its new environment thus, releasing stimulating chemicals such as serotonin comparative to adrenaline, in larger quantities. Clearly, the brain does not respond right away to the confusion.
Moreover, alcohol withdrawal has symptoms and such appear as early as few hours after the last taste of drink and will more likely last for a couple of weeks. Alcohol withdrawal symptoms are as follow:
● Tremors— this is the body’s or a part’s, at the least, involuntary shaking. This symptom usually begins within five to ten hours after the last alcohol intake.
● Hallucinations— this is a person’s illusionary detailed perception that a patient experiences within twenty-four hours after the last alcohol intake.
● Seizures — these are uncontrolled electrical activities in the brain, that produce physical convulsions and thought disturbances.
● Delirium tremens — this is the condition where there are shift in the person’s breathing, blood circulation, and temperature control that causes high blood pressure, dehydration, stupor, angry behavior, too much sweating, and sleep disturbances.
● Nausea – is the sensation that comes before vomiting; it’s the uneasiness of the stomach.
● Vomiting – it is the reflex of ejecting the contents of the stomach.
Furthermore, to treat withdrawal, it is advised to be treated in the hospital as the patient’s heart rate, blood pressure, and breathing can be monitored closely, also, life support machines are available immediately, in case needed. Another way to treat withdrawal is to take medicines and vitamin supplements. Lastly, after the patient has recovered, he or she may join some groups aiming for total alcoholism turn away.